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Forane® refrigerants markets

Arkema's Forane® refrigerants can be used in a variety of cooling, refrigerating, and heating applications.

Domestic and commercial refrigeration

For domestic refrigeration applications, such as home refrigerators, Forane® 134a is the preferred refrigerant for most manufacturers. Forane® 134a provides safe and efficient cooling and is employed in typical home uses, such as refrigerators, wine coolers, and small freezers.

 

For commercial refrigeration, Arkema provides Forane® 134a, Forane® 407A, Forane® 404A, and Forane®507A for use in new/existing applications.  Forane® 22 can only be used to service existing R-22 systems due to its phase-out as part of the Montreal Protocol agreement.  For those needing to retrofit, Forane® 427A – the Easy RetrofitTM - is Arkema’s retrofit solution, which offers the closest match to R-22 in term of performances as well as regarding the mass flow rates and operating pressures in both air conditioning and refrigeration.  Forane® 407A can also be used to retrofit existing R-404A or R-507A equipment.  

 

In other commercial/industrial refrigeration, Forane® 134a is used primarily in medium-temperature (> 2°C) applications, such as vending machines, cooling cases, and ice cream servers. For low-temperature applications, Forane® 407A, Forane® 404A, and Forane®507A provide efficient cooling in applications such as freezers, display cases, and ice machines.

Comfort and commercial air conditioning and heat pumps

Comfort air conditioning heating applications include a wide range of systems, from small room air conditioners to unitary systems and heat pumps, serving the cooling and heating requirements from residential needs through large commercial applications.

 

Currently, Forane® 410Ais the refrigerant in most new residential and commercial air conditioning equipment and heat pumps. Forane® 410A replaces R-22 in many applications, offering excellent performance compared to R-22 but with significantly higher refrigerating capacity and higher operating pressures, so it should not be used to retrofit existing R-22 installations. 

 

R-22 is still the most widely used refrigerant in existing HVACR applications though it is subject to a phase-out obligation by the Montreal Protocol.  To accommodate the phase-out of R-22, Arkema is providing alternatives, such as Forane® 427A and Forane® 407C, which have no phase-out date and are more environmentally sustainable than HCFCs.

 

Forane® 427A, the Easy RetrofitTM, is an HFC refrigerant blend with thermodynamic properties similar to R-22 that was developed to minimize the work required when retrofitting R-22 systems.  Forane® 427A works well with residual mineral oil left in the system and is suggested for retrofits of R-22 in air conditioning systems as well as low- and medium-temperature refrigeration.  Forane® 407C is an HFC refrigerant blend that can be used to replace R-22 in new or existing positive displacement systems, including residential and commercial air conditioners and heat pumps.

Chillers

Liquid chillers are typically used for air conditioning in commercial, industrial, and institutional applications.  Forane® 134a is being used in most screw and centrifugal chiller applications, and Forane® 410A is being used in most scroll chiller applications.  R-123 is also used in centrifugal chillers but is being phased-out as an ozone depleting substance.  R-22 was used in many chiller applications, but is subject to phase-out by the Montreal Protocol.

Transport refrigeration

Refrigerated trucks and containers provide a unique challenge for cooling systems. These applications are used in extreme weather conditions, requiring the refrigeration system to be flexible enough to operate in a wide variety of conditions. For these applications, Arkema recommends using Forane® 134a, Forane® 404A, or Forane® 507A.

 

For medium-temperature applications, Forane® 134a provides the best cooling capacity and efficiency through this particular temperature range. For low-temperature applications, Forane® 404A and Forane® 507A are the best options, using HFC technology. Using Forane® 134a, Forane® 404A, and Forane® 507A in transport refrigeration provides the user with safe and efficient refrigerating fluids, which can be purchased throughout the world from any of Arkema's worldwide distributors.

New vehicles

Forane® 134a has been the standard refrigerant used in all mobile air conditioning applications since the phaseout of R-12. Applications using Forane® 134a include mobile systems in cars, buses, trucks, and agriculture vehicles. Forane® 134a meets all safety and quality specifications defined by ASHRAE 34 and AHRI-700.

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